Thrush in men is a disease of the fungal etymology (candidiasis), which leads to the defeat of the mucous membranes and skin of the external genital organs.
Candidiasis is a female disease, but it is increasingly developing in males as a consequence of serious damage to the immune system. Often, thrush can occur with HIV or after a course of chemotherapy.
Answering the question of how the thrush manifests itself in men, one can say that the pathology is characterized by unexpressed external signs. If a male person becomes infected with candidiasis, the disease will proceed fairly easily with the minimum number of symptoms at the initial stage of the lesion.
Why does thrush occur in men and what is it? The causative agent of the disease is microscopic yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida, affecting the mucous membrane. These mushrooms form part of the microflora of the human body and live where it is warm and humid: in the oral cavity, in the intestine and in the mucous membrane of the genital organs. Under favorable circumstances, they begin to actively proliferate and cause infection.
Men suffer from pathology less often than women because of the special structure of their genitals and low susceptibility to hormonal disorders. Due to its physiology, the male body allows the urine to wash out the fungus from the urethra.
The reasons for the development of thrush in men are many and they are similar to those in women:
- Non-compliance with personal hygiene. Favorable conditions for the reproduction of fungi - moisture and heat. If you rarely take a shower or do not wipe your genitals after washing, then the conditions for the existence of Candida mushrooms will be just perfect.
- Long-term use of antibacterial drugs, cytostatics and glucocorticosteroids.
- Endocrine diseases (especially diabetes).
- Reduced immunity (including HIV).
- Strong stress, climate change. Both of these factors most often lead to disruption of the immune system and other consequences.
- Dysbacteriosis (change and violation of the normal flora of the ureter, glans penis and other organs).
- Injuries to the genitals.
As already mentioned, male thrush is not an STD, but it happens that it is also transmitted sexually. An infected man can either suffer from chronic thrush, or in the position of a woman. The second case is usually more common and is called “matrimonial thrush”. During pregnancy, conditions in the female genitals are much more favorable for the development of the causative agent.
Symptoms of thrush in men
In the event of thrush in men, the symptoms of which are of an individual character, the patient gives a lot of trouble and problems. The general clinical picture of thrush includes the presence of certain signs:
- burning and tooth of the genitals;
- burning and discomfort during urination;
- appearance on the penis of white or gray plaque;
- redness of the skin on the penis and around the foreskin;
- unpleasant, painful sensations during sexual intercourse;
- feeling of dryness in the head;
- discharge in the form of liquid or mucus;
- unpleasant smell.
Also, thrush in men occurs in the form of certain diseases, the symptoms of which depend on the localization process.
- Candida balanoposthitis. This disease is caused by Candida fungi, and sometimes in combination with other sexually transmitted inflammations, such as mycoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, genital herpes, chlamydia. The first signs are the appearance of a pasty white-gray mass on the head of the penis or a white-gray bloom, this is accompanied by itching, burning, pain and severe skin hyperemia. Also, there is swelling of the head and foreskin, there is an unpleasant smell of sour milk.
- Candida urethritis. Fungal lesion of the mucous membrane of the urethra of men. In this case, most of the symptoms are similar to acute gonorrhea. In addition to the underlying symptoms, such as itching, swelling and redness, urination, pain and burning during urination, frequent urination, may become cloudy and be filled with blood or mucus.
- Candida pyelocystitis. It is considered a complicated form of thrush when the disease progresses and a fungal infection affects the urinary tract - the kidneys and the bladder. In this case, the general condition may worsen, the temperature may rise, pain may appear not only during intercourse and urination, but also in the area of the bladder and kidneys.
With inadequate treatment, chronic form of candidiasis can develop, which is characterized by periods of remission and exacerbations, while exacerbations can occur up to 4 times a year. During remission, the symptoms of the disease are poorly expressed and have a blurred nature (pain and discharge decrease and are more likely discomfort), edema and redness on the skin are reduced and a slight tissue atrophy is determined. Under the action of provoking factors, the disease is exacerbated.
Signs of damage to other organs
In addition to urogenital candidiasis, there may be other types of thrush in men:
- Skin candidiasis - rash, swelling, itching and redness of the skin in the inguinal folds, axillary region, around the anus.
- Intestinal lesions - periodic diarrhea, flatulence, the appearance of white plaque in the stool.
- Thrush of the mouth - a cheesy plaque on the tongue, gums, when removing it, you can see small sores.
- Nail candidiasis - redness of the nail shaft, exfoliation, thinning of the nail.
In some cases, there is a systemic lesion of the body, when thrush affects several organs at the same time.
The pathogen itself is quite simple to identify. The doctor takes a wand with cotton and picks up a small amount of light plaque from the affected areas. After microscopy and culture methods are performed to identify the pathogen. The symptoms of the disease are difficult to confuse with something else, especially if the patient has already had thrush before.
In addition to the usual examination, serological tests can be used to diagnose the disease:
- agglutination reaction;
- precipitation reaction;
- complement ligament reaction;
- passive hemagglutination reaction.
During the diagnosis of male candidiasis, it is very important to take into account the accompanying human disease and STIs.
Treatment for thrush in men
When choosing methods for treating thrush in men, specialists use generally accepted schemes that focus on:
- Elimination of causes contributing to the disease.
- Elimination of diseases associated with thrush and its clinical symptoms.
- Carrying out pathogenetic therapy with the use of vitamins, immunocorrectors, tonic preparations, bacteria of the normal intestinal flora.
In the case when no other STIs were detected in the man during the diagnosis, and only thrush was revealed, a course of antifungal therapy was prescribed, including local exposure drugs, as well as capsules or tablets from thrush for ingestion. As a rule, the treatment of candidiasis is effective when it is received by both sexual partners. If after some time candidiasis has worsened, then add to the treatment means that strengthen the immune system.
Also at the time of therapy you need to abandon the sweet, flour and alcohol. Especially from the one in which there is yeast. Recommended thorough washing of underwear, preferably with boiling and the use of disinfecting detergents.
Medicines and thrush tablets for men
The most popular medicines today for thrush in men are such drugs as
- Econazole, Mycozolon, Miconazole, Lamisil - local preparations, produced in the form of ointment, cream or gel, are prescribed for milder forms of thrush.
- Diflucan, Fluconazole, Medoflucon, Flucostat, Diflazon-are intended for a single dose in the early stages of the development of thrush.
- Clotrimazole, Natamycin - tablets for thrush for men are prescribed for advanced and acute forms of the disease.
- Clotrimazole is an effective ointment well tolerated by patients. The drug must be rubbed twice a day into the foreskin and head, the course of treatment is up to two weeks, after which repeated tests are carried out.
At the moment, a lot of different pills can be found in the pharmacy, but to choose independently what to treat thrush is not recommended.
How to treat candidiasis in men folk remedies
To combat this disease, there are such methods:
- Squeeze the juice of cranberries or viburnum and rinse the affected thrush mouth every 6 hours during the day.
- An equal amount of celandine, chamomile, juniper and birch buds are crushed and filled with hot water (half a liter) and left to stand for 5-6 hours, and then the mouth is cared for.
- You can use carrot juice for these purposes, it is also used inside with the defeat of the intestine.
- With the defeat of the oral cavity 1 tbsp. Calendula (tincture of the plant in alcohol) is poured with 1 glass of water and rinsed with your mouth 4 times a day.
- With the defeat of the penis or skin candidiasis moistened with juice of celandine, garlic, onion.
The use of these recipes in no case should not replace the anti-spinal therapy prescribed by the doctor.
Human nutrition is one of the factors provoking the development of candidiasis, therefore, pathology can be treated by adjusting the diet. Men infected with thrush are not recommended to use the following products:
- alcoholic beverages;
- bread and bakery products;
- salted, smoked and pickled products;
- sweets and chocolates;
- sweets (carbohydrate environment promotes the growth of fungi).
The most useful products in the treatment of disease:
- dairy products.
An effective method of dealing with pathology is the use of herbal applications and baths, as well as the treatment of affected areas with decoction and infusions:
- chamomile (can be used in the form of phytotea).
To which doctor to go to the reception?
Candidiasis of the genital organs in men is treated by a urologist. The competence of this specialist is the pathology of the kidneys and organs of the genitourinary system. Thrush is not a classic STD, so contacting a dermatovenerologist in the absence of other infections is not necessary.
Based on the causes of the disease, adequate prevention is as follows:
- exclusion of casual sex.
- competent use of hormonal drugs and antibiotics.
- personal hygiene.
- balanced diet.
- wearing underwear made from natural materials.