Cystitis in women - inflammation of the bladder - a disease that is characterized by such a vivid clinical picture, that making a diagnosis does not cause difficulties for either a doctor or a person with sufficient life experience.
Frequent painful urination, sometimes accompanied by severe pain and the appearance of blood in the urine, are its characteristic features.
In order for cystitis not to become chronic, a woman should not self-medicate, first of all she should consult a urologist, who will carry out a detailed diagnosis and prescribe adequate treatment. If there is no such specialist in the clinic at the place of residence, then you should contact the therapist.
Why do women have cystitis more often than men?
Indeed, why do the fair sex suffer from cystitis quite often, and in men the disease is extremely rare?
It's simple! Infection enters the body through a urethra or urethra contaminated with bacteria. In men, it is long and narrow, and the bacteria are hard to “reach the goal,” in women it is short and wide. For the disease, the second option seems much more attractive.
Cystitis has quite painful symptoms: frequent urination, sometimes with an admixture of mucus and blood in the urine, sharp pain and burning after emptying, a constant feeling of fullness of the bladder. In some cases, body temperature rises, nausea and vomiting appear.
Therefore, as soon as you begin to show the first signs of cystitis, you must immediately begin treatment to prevent a chronic course of the disease that can persist for months and even years. For his appointment, it is better to consult a doctor, he will produce a bacterial culture and prescribe the best medicines that can fight exactly with a specific pathogen.
However, the best way to avoid discomfort for women is prevention. In particular, you should follow the rules of personal hygiene, use only clean clothes, and also regularly change the pads and tampons during menstruation.
In addition, chronic cystitis is often exacerbated by hypothermia of the body - especially the abdominal cavity and lower part. It is not necessary to delay urination for longer than the prescribed period - the crowded bladder easily becomes infected with pathogens.
What doctor treats cystitis in women?
When a woman is faced with symptoms of a disease such as cystitis, which doctor to turn to becomes the most pressing issue. Yes, and the fear of diagnostic procedures occurs in many girls. The disease is between two medical specializations - gynecology and urology.
First of all, it is worth visiting the therapist. After analyzing the patient's complaints, he will most likely refer him to a specialist who treats cystitis - to the urologist. Women will also be additionally recommended to visit a gynecologist, since quite often among the representatives of the beautiful half of humanity, various diseases of the sexual sphere are the cause of the disease.
The urologist is a doctor specializing in the treatment of the urogenital system of a person who is profoundly prepared in this direction. His activities include diseases of the kidneys, bladder, and the urinary system in general. For him there is no separation by sex and age. Therefore, the doctor treating cystitis is a urologist, since cystitis in all its forms falls within the sphere of interest of this specialist.
To fully clarify the reasons that led to the development of the disorder, certain studies are assigned to a woman:
- general urine analysis;
- bacteriological urine culture;
- urine analysis according to nechyporenko;
- blood test;
- analysis of vaginal dysbacteriosis;
- Ultrasound of the genitourinary system;
- Ultrasound of the genitourinary system;
- PCR study.
Only after the establishment of the pathogen or the cause of cystitis, the doctor prescribes the necessary treatment. As a rule, it involves taking antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs, along with physiological procedures. Also for the treatment of cystitis an important factor is diet. The doctor will advise you to refuse spicy, smoked and fatty foods, alcohol, and drink more than 8 glasses of water a day. Cranberry juice or fruit drink will also be useful.
If the infectious nature of the disease is confirmed by analysis, then most likely you will need to take an antibiotic:
- fosfomycin (Monural);
- the fluoroquinolone group - Digran, Norfloxacin;
- nitrofuran (Furadonin, Furagin).
One of the most popular antibiotics prescribed for the treatment of the lower urinary tract is Monural.