Betadine is an antiseptic and disinfecting drug for topical and external use.
Released from the complex with polyvinylpyrrolidone upon contact with the skin and mucous membranes, iodine forms iodamine bacteria cells with proteins, coagulates them and causes the death of microorganisms.
On this page you will find all the information about Betadine: complete instructions for use for this drug, average prices in pharmacies, complete and incomplete analogues of the drug, as well as reviews of people who have already used Betadine. Want to leave your opinion? Please write in the comments.
Pharmacy sales terms
It is released without a prescription.
How much does Betadine? The average price in pharmacies is 450 rubles for candles, ointment costs 250 rubles, and the solution can be bought for 300 rubles.
Release form and composition
Betadine is available in the following dosage forms:
- 10% ointment for external use in aluminum tubes of 20 g, in a carton box one tube. 1 g of Betadine ointment contains 100 mg of povidone-iodine and auxiliary components (macrogol - 400, 1000 and 4000, sodium bicarbonate and purified water);
- 10% solution for local and external use in dropper bottles of 30 and 120 ml (in cardboard boxes) or 1000 ml (without box). The main active ingredient of the drug is povidone-iodine (100 mg in 1 ml of solution), and the auxiliary substances are glycerin, anhydrous citric acid, nonoxynol 9, sodium hydroxide 10%, disodium dihydrogen phosphate and purified water;
- Vaginal suppositories of dark brown color of a torpedo form. One suppository contains 200 mg of povidone-iodine and macrogol 1000 as an excipient. Candles are packed in blisters of 7 pieces, in a cardboard bundle of 1 or 2 blisters.
The drug is a complex compound of iodine and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). PVP, an inert synthetic polymer, acts as a carrier. Accordingly, all the pharmacological properties of the drug are associated only with iodine, which belongs to the group of halogen antiseptics; The spectrum of action of iodine extends to gram-positive bacteria and gram-negative bacteria, fungi, protozoa, treponema, viruses, and acid-resistant bacteria.
The bactericidal effect of iodine is explained by its strong oxidizing properties, it actively interacts with the amino acids of proteins, as a result of which the quaternary structure of the protein changes, its catalytic and enzymatic activity is lost. Basically, iodine violates the structure of bacterial transmembrane proteins and enzymes that do not have membrane protection. The active iodine concentration in Betadine is 0.1-1%. Suppositories are made on a water-soluble basis and do not irritate the mucosa. When applied topically, there is almost no resorption of iodine from the mucous membrane.
Indications for use
Betadine candles are used in the following cases:
- trichomoniasis (as part of combination therapy);
- fungal infections of the vagina resulting from treatment with steroid and antibacterial drugs;
- chronic and acute vaginal infections of a specific and non-specific nature (vaginitis, bacterial vaginosis, genital herpes, etc.);
- treatment before and after transvaginal interventions during obstetric and diagnostic procedures.
Betadine ointment has the following indications:
- treatment of bacterial and fungal skin infections;
- treatment of pressure ulcers infected with trophic ulcers;
- prevention of trauma or infection of the skin (for small cuts and abrasions, minor burns and surgical interventions).
According to the instructions Betadine solution is used in the following cases:
- to disinfect wounds and burns;
- as a first aid in case of contamination of the mucous membranes or skin with infected material;
- for antiseptic treatment of the operating room before gynecological, obstetric and surgical procedures and operations;
- for disinfecting hands before taking a biopsy, punctures, injections, bladder catheterization.
The use of this agent is contraindicated in such diseases and conditions:
- subject to the simultaneous use of radioactive iodine;
- at the age of a child under 1 year;
- Herpetiformis dermatitis Dühring;
- thyroid adenoma;
- with a high sensitivity to iodine, as well as to other components of this tool.
The use of medication for newborns and premature babies is contraindicated. It is used with caution in chronic inflammation of the skin, during pregnancy, as well as during lactation.
Instructions for candles
It is recommended to moisten the suppository with water and inject it deep into the vagina in the evening before bedtime.
- Withacute vaginitis appoint 1 suppository 1-2 times / day for 7 days.
- Withchronic and subacute vaginitis - 1 suppository 1 time / day before bedtime for 14 days, if necessary, longer.
It is also recommended during the course of treatment to use sanitary pads. Do not stop the use of suppositories during menstruation.
Instructions for ointment
Apply only externally. Apply a thin layer of ointment to the affected skin surface 2-3 times / day. Can be used under occlusive dressings.
Instructions for the solution
For treatment of the skin and mucous membranes, the Betadine preparation solution is used undiluted for lubrication, washing, or as a wet compress.
For use in drainage systems, a 10% solution is diluted 10 to 100 times. The solution is prepared immediately before use, the diluted solutions are not stored.
The following side effects of candles and other forms of drug release are noted:
- local manifestations of an allergic reaction to iodine in the form of redness, rash, itching;
- vaginal dysbacteriosis (with prolonged use of suppositories);
- thyrotoxicosis (with a hereditary predisposition).
In case of overdose, the following symptoms may be observed:
- Dermatitis and redness of the skin.
- Impaired renal function.
- Intestinal disorders.
- Metallic taste in the mouth.
- Eye irritation and swelling.
- Burning in mouth and throat.
- Pulmonary puffiness.
- Betadine use can reduce the absorption of iodine by the thyroid gland and distort the results of diagnostic studies (thyroid gland scintigraphy, determination of protein-bound iodine, measurements using radioactive iodine) or interfere with thyroid iodine therapy. After the use of the drug Betadine before carrying out these procedures should sustain the period, the duration of which the doctor must determine.
- Prolonged use of Betadine can lead to the absorption through the skin and mucous membranes of a significant amount of iodine. Therefore, after prolonged use of suppositories, it is necessary to perform a study of the function of the thyroid gland.
- The use of suppositories Betadine in children before puberty is contraindicated. To decide on the use of the drug in virgins and to carry out, at least, the first introduction of the suppository should be a doctor.
- Contamination with povidone-iodine can lead to false-positive results in some diagnostic tests, such as the detection of hidden blood in the feces or glucose in the urine.
- Avoid accidental suppository ingestion by children.
It is forbidden to use Betadine vaginal suppositories with other antiseptics: alcohol, salicylic acid, hydrogen peroxide, etc. This significantly increases the risk of burns on the membranes of the genital organs, reduces the effectiveness of the use of both drugs. The complex use of candles with drugs that contain taurolidine, silver, mercury, lithium and enzymes is unacceptable.
We picked up some reviews of people on Betadine:
- Yuliya. I betadine eliminated the effects of taking antibiotics. They are instructed and for this, including effective. when she took strong antibiotics, and even a long course, the state of the microflora was greatly disturbed. beat itching, irritation, bad discharge. I didn’t even want to hear about some kind of strong treatment again, but Betadin gave me confidence, because there was no chemistry, hormones and antibiotics in them. for all that, they helped me well, all the unpleasant symptoms went away and, most importantly, no side effects.
- Helena. I used candles from ureaplasmism, before this 2 courses of antibiotics and everything was useless, I just spent money in vain and poisoned my body. and after betadine, the symptoms passed, and the tests became good.
- Anna. It is quite a good drug, especially considering its price. In the pharmacy, imported analogues with the main active ingredient iodine are much more expensive. To me, Betadine gynecologist wrote out with vaginitis, put candles on a weekly course. The first 2 times a little tingled, the video affected the presence of vaginitis, but in general it was tolerable. The rest of the times already did not feel anything, just a candle like a candle. By the way, it is better to use the daily so that the laundry is not painted. But it is still quite a strong antiseptic, it is better not to engage in self-treatment and take after a specialist’s verdict, rather than at random.
- Zhenya. Hello girls! Of course, I have joy, I am expecting a child, already in the sixth month. So in connection with my pregnancy, I had some problems associated with the discharge from the vagina of a strange whitish fluid, as well as itching and zazhna. I went to the clinic, the diagnosis was as follows: - “Candios”. It turns out that my hormones are disturbed due to pregnancy, as well as with my diet. He appointed me to take candles "Betadine" for treatment and prevention. Well, what can I say, I recovered after 10 days, I am completely healthy, and now, I accept for prophylaxis if I feel discomfort. Glad to have such drugs. Quickly convenient, painless, I recommend to everyone.
- Olga There was an operation to remove the filaments after cesarean, which did not dissolve. Before the operation, my gynecologist examined me, took a smear and it turned out that I had trichomoniasis. Assign me candles Betaine for 2 weeks. In the first couple of days she felt a slight itch, but he quickly passed. After the course, everything returned to normal, the tests were excellent and I had a planned operation.
Medicines that are considered analogues of Betadine, will have a similar effect of exposure, can be called:
Before using analogues consult your doctor.
Storage conditions and shelf life
Betadine ointment should be stored in a room with a temperature not exceeding 25 ° C and a relative humidity of not more than 75%. Shelf life - 3 years.
Betadine should be stored in a dry place, protected from light, at a temperature not exceeding 25 ° C. Shelf life - 3 years.
Candles vaginal should be stored in a cool dry place for no more than 2 years.